Bioethics is a fairly new discipline in medicine and health care, but it is practiced quite regularly, mostly without our awareness. We see bioethics manifest in decisions as to whether a relative should be sustained on life support, the determination of gender reconfiguration surgery, or unethical medical practices by health care providers.

The history of bioethics was most evident in  unethical human subject experiments held at Jewish concentration camps during World War II, hepatitis studies conducted on the mentally challenged at Willowbrook State School, and syphilis  experiments conducted on African American farmers in the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. Unfortunately, although many laws and policies have been enacted to protect human research subjects, there are still contemporary medical challenges that confront society everyday. In this section, I plan to highlight historical and contemporary issues related to bioethics in order to frame viable solutions for these pressing issues.